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Carotid ultrasound test uses an ultrasound machine to check the circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the neck that carry blood from the heart to your brain. This is an important test to monitor for plaque build up that could cause future strokes or TIA's (mini-strokes).


Venous Insufficiency scan uses ultrasound technology to check the circulation of blood in the veins of the legs. Symptoms of vein disease in the legs include:

• Swelling in the legs or ankles

• Tight feeling in the calves

• Itchy painful legs

• Brown discoloration of legs

• Varicose veins

• Leg ulcers / sores


Unlike Venous Insufficiency scan, the Arterial Ultrasound scan is used to check the blood circulation in the arteries of the legs to check for PAD (Peripheral Artery Disease).

Symptoms of PAD include:

• Hair loss on the feet and legs.

• Intermittent claudication - the thigh or calf muscles may feel pain when walking or climbing stairs; some individuals complain of painful hips.

• Leg weakness.

• A foot or the lower leg may feel cold.

• Numbness in the legs.

• Brittle toenails.


What is an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)?

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an enlarged area in the lower part of the major vessel that supplies blood to the body (aorta). The aorta runs from your heart through the center of your chest and abdomen.

The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body, so a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause life-threatening bleeding.

Depending on the size of the aneurysm and how fast it's growing, treatment varies from watchful waiting to emergency surgery.

What Are The Symptoms of AAA?

Abdominal aortic aneurysms often grow slowly without symptoms, making them difficult to detect. Some aneurysms never rupture. Many start small and stay small; others expand over time, some quickly.

If you have an enlarging abdominal aortic aneurysm, you might notice:

• Deep, constant pain in your abdomen or on the side of your abdomen

• Back pain

• A pulse near your bellybutton

However, since the most common symptom of an AAA is actually nothing at all the best way to prevent this disease is to screen for it using an ulgrasound machine if you have certain risk factors.

What Are the Causes of AAA?

Aneurysms can develop anywhere along the aorta, but most aortic aneurysms occur in the part of your aorta that's in your abdomen. A number of factors can play a role in developing an aortic aneurysm, including:

• Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Atherosclerosis occurs when fat and other substances build up on the lining of a blood vessel.

• High blood pressure. High blood pressure can damage and weaken the aorta's walls.

• Blood vessel diseases. These are diseases that cause blood vessels to become inflamed.

• Infection in the aorta. Rarely, a bacterial or fungal infection might cause an abdominal aortic aneurysms.

• Trauma. For example, being in a car accident can cause an abdominal aortic aneurysms.


An Echocardiogram is an ultrasound of the heart. It looks at the circulation of blood through the different chambers of the heart (atrium / ventricles) and also checks for the health of the heart valves which may sometimes cause problems with circulation of blood flow through the heart (heart murmurs). Also, an echocardiogram can detect diseases such as aortic root aneurysms, congenital heart defects, and congestive heart failure.


A Nuclear Stress Test uses a combination of exercise treadmill testing with live EKG and nuclear imaging technology to check the circulation of blood flow in the coronary arteries of your heart. This is the most commonly used test to check for coronary artery disease which is atherosclerosis (plaque build up) of your coronary arteries which can lead to heart attacks.

Symptoms of coronary artery disease include chest symptoms such as discomfort, tightness, pressure, or heaviness or shortness of breath with exertion.